Monday, May 25, 2020
Stave One 1. Describe ScroogeÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance and his character Ã¢â¬â why doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t the weather affect him? Scrooge is described as an Ã¢â¬Å"old sinnerÃ¢â¬ , a heartless old man who, because he was so cold, had Ã¢â¬Å"frozen featuresÃ¢â¬ such as a nipped pointed nose, shriveled cheeks, stiffened gait, red eyes, blue lips, and had a grating voice. He also had white hair, beard and eyebrows. The weather doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t affect scrooge as he himself is just as cold as the wintry weather inside and out. 2. Describe the character of ScroogeÃ¢â¬â¢s nephew. ScroogeÃ¢â¬â¢s nephew is a genuine man and unlike his uncle loves Christmas. He seems to be happy and merry, with an adoring wife. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to be particularly wealthy. 3. Summarise the arguments these two men present on both sides of the debate about Christmas. ScroogeÃ¢â¬â¢s nephew thinks that Christmas is a time of joy and laughter and believes it should be spent with family and friends. Scrooge on the other hand believes that it is a sorry excuse for holiday and is not worth celebrating, he also believes that it is a very expensive time that is not worth the money or time. 4. What has MarleyÃ¢â¬â¢s ghost been doing since his death, and what is the warning that it gives Scrooge? He has been wandering the world witnessing things that he wishes he could speak about to those who need it to make them happy. He warns scrooge that if he does not change his ways ScroogeÃ¢â¬â¢s after life will be burdened by all his regrets during his short lifetime just like Marley himself. 5.
Friday, May 15, 2020
During AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Progressive Era, the economy began to grow, massive immigration was occurring, and political and social movements were taking place that allowed the growing nation to establish itself before increasing its influence and emerging into the rest of the world as a global power. Between 1916 and 1946, America faced immense changes from their previous social, political, and economic practices in the Progressive Era. For instance, America treated its Mexican immigrants with intolerance, even though they were the backbone to AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s labor work. America was not keen on immigration happening in their country, but they were quick to expand their foreign affairs to spread their ideals rather than having civil relations with other countries. During this time, America also changed the way their economy functioned and went from trade to credit practices. Between 1916 and 1946, America underwent drastic social, political, and economic changes that would affect Americ aÃ¢â¬â¢s future today, specifically their immigration policies with Mexicans, their expand on internationalism, and their change in economic practices. When America joined WWI, American patriotism became an essential aspect of society because those who were not proud of their country were not true patriots. Because of this, immigrants were widely questioned about their devotion to the nation and had to assimilate themselves into Ã¢â¬Å"American cultureÃ¢â¬ . However, the nation was known as a melting pot, so it was arguedShow MoreRelatedAmerica s Rapid Industrialization During The Progressive Era1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs America entered the 20th century, the country entered a time period known as the Progressive Era. This era was one defined by political reform and social activism as well as myriad of problems arising from AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s rapid industrialization. During the Progressive era, America faced several international, political, and social challenges that would s et us on the road to the society in which we now live. During the Depression of the 1890s, the National Association of Manufacturers argued thatRead MoreThe Gilded Age : An Era Of Extreme Corruption1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDuring their time in grade school, students are taught that after Reconstruction of the Civil War, America enters the Gilded Age from 1877 till about the 1890Ã¢â¬â¢s. Then the next era would be the Progressive Era beginning from where the Gilded Age left off till around 1920. Though these eras are accepted in the historical community, some historians argue that it is useless to label these two as separate eras in American history. One historian is Rebecca Edwards in her article Politics, Social Movement,Read MoreThe Successes of Progressive Era Reformers800 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Successes of Progressive Era Reformers The Progressive movement was very influential in many ways to early twentieth century America. Businesses became safer, and much more respectful towards their employees. Society accepted moral changes, and became safer communities. The government was affected by the Progressive movement becoming much more democratic, and caring more for the needs of its people. The Progressive movement was successful in reforming American business, society and its governmentRead MoreThe Progressive Era During The 19th Century1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Progressive Era was social activism and political reform between the 1890s and 1920s. The reformers of the Progressive Era tried to help the corrupt government, improve the not so great economic state for lower and middle class and immigrants, and invoke social change. The reformers were also very effective of making the problems of the 19th century known in America. Media development and some innovation did an excellent job of bolding all the corr uption in the government and scandals of publicRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of The United States994 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat is constantly susceptible to melancholy because things are not perfect.Ã¢â¬ During the 1880Ã¢â¬â¢s to the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s this statement seemed to be true about America but this sadness was not seen from the outside. The Progressive Era brought out these issues and made everyone aware of them. This era was a period in the United States that consisted of social activism and political reforms. The importance of this era was the passing of labor laws, anti-trust laws, unionization for important industries and theRead MoreThe Revolution Of The United States865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1920 a political group called the progressives demanded change and more government involvement after the gilded age where there barely was any action taken by the government. While the progressives were becoming more and more popular among politicians and people they brought reform and change to the United States. The progressives brought change through industries, social movements and the economy. The progressives, (as their name suggests) brought progress to America that forever changed the UnitedRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of The Gilded Age1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout the progressive era there were many reform movements due to the abundance of political, social, and economical corruption in America in the gilded age as seen by political machines like William Marcy tweed and American financiers like J.P. Morgan. Some of the many issues that made themselves present in the gilded age include the large wealth gap, child labor, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of rights, influx of immigrants, Urbanization, Indian wars, monopolists, political machines, and alcoholism. All ofRead MoreEssay on The Progression of the Role of Women in America1171 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesposition in America has changed, especially during the periods of 1890 to 1925. Not only did things ch ange economically for them but also politically. Many assumptions made about the nature of women affected their position drastically. From the era of 1890 to 1925 contributed to a considerable adjustment in the statements about the nature of women and a significant improvement in the general position of women in America. The development of the economy had changed drastically by the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s. TechnologyRead MoreThe Progressive Era During The 1920 S973 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe progressive era during the 1890Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s in the Unites States saw an economic expansion with the aid of the industrial capitalists, a growing population with immigrants coming to the United States seeking a better life through labor with American industrialization, and government corruption being eliminated progressively by political reforms like the Sherman Antitrust Act. This era also had complications such as racial tension between immigrants, poor working and living conditions amongstRead MoreProgressives And The Progressive Era1253 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe progressive Era was times in History were local state and federal government took a leap forward in power and activism. In addition, the progressive era, was a time of development of new reforms and changes for America. Progressivism handles a wide range of problems and struggle for America. Such problems were created by unstructed industrialization, urbanization and immigration. As well as, the unfavorable distribution of power and wealth. Progressives believed strongly that problems such as
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Red Zinfandel is an Ã¢â¬Å"American ClassicÃ¢â¬ wine. Until recently, Zinfandels was marked as a mystery grape in California as the origin was unknown. Through the recent Ampelography studies, it has been discovered that the Zinfandel grape is genetically identical to Italy s Primativo and to an ancient Croatian variety known as Crjenak Kastelanski. The zinfandel grapes actual origin is in Italy but is now primarily grown in California. Zinfandel grapes grow best in cool, coastal locations which California has a lot of. Differences in vine vigor and grape cluster size tend to separate the Croatian and Italian vines as it has Zinfandel flavor profiles are greatly affected by cultivation, terroir, and winemaking process. This has led Zinfandels in the America to develop its own independent history based on its particular flavor profile, name, history, and style. It is believed that the California Zinfandel probably originated in Croatia. On wine labels, U.S. regulations requi re that Zinfandel and Primitivo be identified separately. The effects of terroir are tremendous with this varietal. I purchased a 6 bottle case from Turley Vineyards that were of the same vineyard, same vintage but from different blocks of the Pesenti Vineyard. Turley is highly known in the wine industry for their expertise with this varietal. The blocks varied based on location such as hill tops, valley, sun exposure, soil, etc. A tasting was arranged with a group of my wine aficionados to analyzeShow MoreRelatedImpact of Radio and Television Advertising on Consumer Behaviour Special Referance on Consumer Durable Goods5906 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagestheÃ fermentedÃ juiceÃ ofÃ grapes,Ã madeÃ inÃ manyÃ varieties,Ã suchÃ asÃ red,Ã white,Ã sweet,Ã dry,Ã still,Ã andsparkling,Ã forÃ useÃ asÃ aÃ beverage,Ã inÃ cooking,Ã inÃ religiousÃ rites,Ã etc.,Ã andÃ usuallyÃ havingÃ anÃ alcoholiccontentÃ ofÃ 14Ã percentÃ orÃ less. 2. aÃ particularÃ varietyÃ ofÃ suchÃ fermentedÃ grapeÃ juice:Ã portÃ andÃ sherryÃ wines. 3. theÃ juice,Ã fermentedÃ orÃ unfermented,Ã ofÃ variousÃ otherÃ fruitsÃ orÃ plants,Ã usedÃ asÃ aÃ beverage,Ã sauce,etc.:Ã gooseberryÃ wine;Ã currantÃ wine. 4. aÃ darkÃ reddishÃ color,Ã asÃ ofÃ redÃ wines. 5. PharmacologyÃ ,Ã vinum. WineRead MoreWine Consumption Essay examples6888 Words Ã |Ã 28 Pagesa strong subset of exhibitors from Eastern Europe and the Middle East, such as BulgariaÃ¢â¬â¢s Izba Karabunar , LebanonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ixsir and GreeceÃ¢â¬â¢s Chatzivaritis, who aim to capitalize on increasing consumer interest in discovering wines that are new to the American market. Even within the Old World, Portugal is making a substantial push to come out of the shadows of the other European heavyweights. Portugal is known for blended wines that pair very well with food, and in an effort to appeal to the internationalRead MoreEssay about FSM 2085 Term Project6577 Words Ã |Ã 27 Pagescommunication skills and quick mind. The Lobby Lounge (Ritz-Carlton HotelÃ¢â¬â¢s Lounge in San Francisco): it is a newly renovated lounge with great appearance as well as a number of choices for food and drink items. Guests could enjoy themselves in a classic space with most sophisticated selection of wines and cocktails. Windows Lounge (Four Seasons Hotel in Los Angeles): great place for guests to enjoy their Hollywood experience. It provides seats both inside and outside with smart interior designRead MoreMarket Segment Analysis to Target Young Adult Wine Drinkers7369 Words Ã |Ã 30 Pagesresult in efficient, effective, and profitable marketing and sales efforts+ There are multiple types and levels of segmentation used in various industries, but those used most frequently by the wine industry are those that also fall into the four classic marketing segmentation bases+ These are ~1! geographic, which is based on where the customer lives, such as country or city; ~2! demographic, which is based on age, gender, income, social class, and so on; ~3! psychographic, which is based on lifestyle
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Happy New Year Descriptive Essay You have just won a million Rand! exclaimed Jeremy Maggs from the popular TV show Who Wants To Be A Millionaire. The forty-five year old, mechanic sat in the hot seat with complete amazement. In a couple of seconds his life changed from being an ordinary, hard working father of three, living with his wife in a below average home to becoming a millionaire. I sat in my lounge wishing that it were me who had answered that final question correctly in that seat, instead of relaxing in my usual leather couch that faces my TV the a perfect angle. I would have done anything to be that man at that moment. I could never imagine what was going through his mind at that very moment. There I was, sitting at home, watching all the excitement on television, dreaming for my life to be different. How easily I had forgotten all of the good things in my life. I go to the best school in the country. I have good friends and a good family. My life wasnt bad at all, money isnt everything, I thought to myself. The sound of loud knocking continued for a short while before I awoke out of my short daydream. After realising that I had locked the door, I walked towards it and unlocked it. I was shocked to see my mom standing at the door, with tearful eyes. She stood there speechless. I asked her what was wrong. Something has happened to your father, my mother said. Im sorry my boy, your fathers has been in a terrible hijacking, the hospital called about ten minutes ago, I came as soon as I could. Is this really happening? Slowly I backed away from her, and walked towards my black leather couch. My mom followed me and asked if there was anything she could do. Even though I wanted to be alone I knew it would be better if I shared my grief. My mother came over to me; I sat in the chair and did not move an inch. I could feel the sweat rolling down my palms and my back causing me to stick to the leather. I was in complete shock, disbelief, and total awe. My mother started telling me the details. All I could hear was mumbling, which was a good thing, I would not have been able to handle any more information about the situation. I sat motionless and tried to understand how god could be so cruel. How one man could win a million Rand and within the same hour that another could family could be shattered, knowing that all the money in the world could not change that fact.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Introduction Everest has attracted many people throughout decades. Successful expeditions to the summit encouraged many people to try their strength. However, many people lost their lives in such attempts. For instance, the expeditions led by Rob Hall and Scott Fischer in 1996 illustrate dangers associated with ascent of Everest. On May, 10 five people, including Hall and Fischer, lost their lives during this ascent (Roberto Carioggia 2003).Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Everest Mount 1996 specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Many people strived to find out what exactly led to such dramatic outcomes. Some argue that Fischer and Hall turned out to be bad leaders as they made far too many mistakes. However, others claim that there can be no lawless ascents of Everest. Admittedly, there can be no single answer to this question though it is inappropriate to blame Hall and Fischer as they were not totally responsi ble for the tragedy that took place. Peculiarities of the mount Everest and its summit became known to the western world in the beginning of the twentieth century. Since then many people have tried to reach its summit. By 1980s more than hundred climbers reached the summit (Roberto Carioggia 2003). However, a lot more people died during their attempts. Notably, many experienced and highly skilled climbers lost their lives. Admittedly, one of the major reasons why people failed to reach the summit was very changeable weather. Nonetheless, it is necessary to note that though weather conditions are crucial, people are also responsible for tragedies that often take place there. Admittedly, the spread of touristic tours to the summit increases cases of deaths in Everest. The expeditions of Hall and Fischer prove that even those who reached the summit of Everest cannot guarantee safety of such tourists. Evaluation of the two leadersÃ¢â¬â¢ actions In the first place, it is important to note that Hall and Fischer were experienced climbers. Apparently, they could not make any mistakes. However, it is possible to point out some erroneous actions which, in combination with extreme weather conditions, led to the tragedy. In the first place, they knew challenges that an individual could experience during the ascent. More so, they took the responsibility to guide their tourists to the summit. Apart from this, Hall and Fischer overestimated their abilities during the ascent as well. For instance, even though Hall himself stressed the necessity to stick to the schedule, he let his people waste a lot of time and he did not make those who were too slow to descend when necessary. Hall overestimated his abilities as he decided that he would manage to guide everyone safely. As far as Fischer is concerned, he also overestimated his physical abilities. Thus, he ignored the necessity to get ready for the ascent and turned out to be unprepared for such physical loads. Finally, the lack of communication between the tourists and the instructors also played negative role.Advertising Looking for case study on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The lessons to be learnt It goes without saying that the expeditions led by Hall and Fischer can be regarded as important lessons for leaders in different fields of management, leadership and decision making. In the first place, leaders should always remember that they are responsible for well-being of people they are in charge of. Thus, leaders should always remember that they are just like Hall and Fischer, i.e. they also need to guide members of their groups trying to avoid any possible dangers. Leaders should always associate themselves with the climbers who were responsible for their touristsÃ¢â¬â¢ lives. Thus, leaders should think of all challenges their subordinates can face. The leader should foresee difficulties to make his/her subordinates ready fo r upcoming challenges. Apart from responsibility, leaders should estimate their own abilities properly. Thus, Hall and Fischer overestimated their abilities and this led to the tragedy. Therefore, successful and responsible leaders should be critical. In the first place, they should make sure they know exactly what can be expected from them. They should also be sure they can meet their groupsÃ¢â¬â¢ expectations. For instance, the leader should take into account all possible scenarios and know how to deal with this or that issue. At that, the leader should make sure he/she can cope with all possible issues to occur. Therefore, if the leader has any doubts concerning his/her abilities, it is important to think of other ways to deal with a problem. Perhaps, the leader should delegate some of his/her responsibilities. Admittedly, it is important to understand which duties can be delegated, and which should be handled by the leader only. Besides, the leader should always have a precise plan which will help to complete certain tasks. More so, the leader should never forget about the plan. The present case study perfectly illustrates the importance of sticking to the plan. Thus, the two climbers violated their own rules and this also negatively affected the outcomes of the ascent. Of course, the leader should be really precise especially when it comes to a plan implementation. Therefore, checklists and timelines can help to stick to the initial plan.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Everest Mount 1996 specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Of course, the plan should also be flexible. Nonetheless, it is inappropriate to change central points in the plan as this can lead to failure. The leader should remember this when making his/her subordinates follow the plan. Finally, the leader should be ready to take hard decisions. The case study shows that some of HallÃ¢â¬â¢s and FischerÃ¢â¬â¢s decision s were arguable. Something could have been delegated while sometimes the climbers should have been stricter. The leader should be ready to take on responsibility to make decisions which can seem controversial if the leader knows perfectly well that this decision will make the project successful. Thus, the leader should weigh each decision and he/she should prioritize activities, projects, etc. Finally, the leaders should also remember about the importance of proper communication between their subordinates. The lack of communication in the case with the expedition played a very tragic role. Likewise, the lack of communication between the members of the group can lead to the projectÃ¢â¬â¢s failure. Therefore, the leader should make sure there is proper communication between the members of the group. It is one of the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibilities to establish appropriate communicative channels. Thus, the leader as well as members of the group will be able to trace all possible pro blems (deviations from plan, changing of settings, etc.) in time which will enable the group to solve all the issues. Conclusion To sum up, the present study dwells upon one of the most tragic ascents of Everest. The case study focuses on HallÃ¢â¬â¢s and FischerÃ¢â¬â¢s actions during the ascent. It is possible to state that the present case study can be a perfect guidance for leaders in such fields as management, leadership and decision making. Leaders in many spheres of life can benefit from learning valuable lessons. Thus, the case study reveals the importance of the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s precision. Obviously, leaders should be responsible and they should critically estimate their own abilities to guide people in this or that situation.Advertising Looking for case study on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Roberto, MA Carioggia, GM 2003, Mount Everest Ã¢â¬â 1996Ã¢â¬ ², Harvard Business School, no. 9-303-061, pp. 1-22. This case study on Everest Mount 1996 was written and submitted by user Emmett Hewitt to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Pride and Prejudice Themes and Literary Devices Jane AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s Pride and Prejudice is a classic comedy of manners that satirizes 18th-century society and, particularly, the expectations placed on women of the era. The novel, which follows the romantic entanglements of the Bennet sisters, includes themes of love, class, and, as one might guess, pride and prejudice. These are all covered with AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s signature wit, including the literary device of free indirect discourse that permits a particular style of in-depth, sometimes satirical narration. Love and Marriage As one might expect from a romantic comedy, love (and marriage) is a central theme to Pride and Prejudice. In particular, the novel focuses on the different ways love may grow or disappear, and whether or not society has room for romantic love and marriage to go together. We see love at first sight (Jane and Bingley), love that grows (Elizabeth and Darcy), and infatuation that fades (Lydia and Wickham) or has faded (Mr. and Mrs. Bennet). Throughout the story, it becomes apparent that the novel is arguing that love based on genuine compatibility is the ideal. Marriages of convenience are presented in a negative light: Charlotte marries the obnoxious Mr. Collins out of economic pragmatism and admits as much, while Lady CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s imperious attempts at forcing her nephew Darcy to marry her daughter to consolidate estates are presented as outdated, unfair, and, ultimately, an unsuccessful power grab. Like several of AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s novels, Pride and Prejudice also cautions against infatuation with overly charming people. WickhamÃ¢â¬â¢s smooth manner easily charms Elizabeth, but he turns out to be deceitful and selfish and not a good romantic prospect for her. Real love is found in compatibility of character: Jane and Bingley are well-suited because of their absolute kindness, and Elizabeth and Darcy come to realize that both are strong-willed but kind and intelligent. Ultimately, the novel is a strong recommendation of love as a basis for marriage, something that was not always the case in its era. The Cost of Pride The title makes it pretty clear that pride is going to be an important theme, but the message is more nuanced than just the concept itself. Pride is presented as perfectly reasonable to some degree, but when it gets out of hand, it gets in the way of the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ happiness. Thus, the novel suggests that an excess of pride is costly. As Mary Bennet says in one of her memorable quotes, Pride relates more to our opinion of ourselves, vanity to what we would have others think of us.Ã In Pride and Prejudice, there are plenty of prideful characters, mostly among the wealthy. Pride in social position is the most common failing: Caroline Bingley and Lady Catherine both believe themselves superior because of their money and social privilege; they also are vain because they are obsessed with maintaining this image. Darcy, on the other hand, is intensely proud but not vain: he does initially place too high a value on social station, but he is so proud and secure in that pride that he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t bother with even basic social niceties. This pride costs him Elizabeth at first, and it is not until he learns to temper his pride with compassion that he becomes a worthy partner. Prejudice In Pride and Prejudice, Ã¢â¬Å"prejudiceÃ¢â¬ is not as socially charged as it is in contemporary usage. Here, the theme is more about preconceived notions and snap judgments rather than race- or gender-based biases. Prejudice is a flaw of several characters, but first and foremost it is the main flaw of our protagonist Elizabeth. She prides herself on her ability to judge character, but her observations also lead her to form bias very quickly and deeply. The most obvious example of this is her immediate prejudice against Mr. Darcy because of his dismissal of her at the ball. Because sheÃ¢â¬â¢s already formed this opinion, she is predisposed to believe WickhamÃ¢â¬â¢s tales of woe without stopping to think twice. This prejudice leads her to judge him unfairly and to reject him based on partially inaccurate information. Elizabeth and Darcys relationship embodies many of the themes of Pride and Prejudice (Photo credit: Focus Features). Prejudice is not necessarily a bad thing, the novel seems to say, but like pride, it is only good so long as it is reasonable. For instance, JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s total lack of bias and over-willingness to Ã¢â¬Å"think well of everyone,Ã¢â¬ as Elizabeth puts it, is detrimental to her happiness, as it blinds her to the Bingley sistersÃ¢â¬â¢ true natures until itÃ¢â¬â¢s almost too late. Even ElizabethÃ¢â¬â¢s prejudice against Darcy is not entirely unfounded: he is, in fact, proud and thinks himself above many of the people around them, and he does act to separate Jane and Bingley. In general, prejudice of the common sense variety is a useful tool, but unchecked prejudice leads to unhappiness. Social Status In general, AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s novels tend to focus on gentry- that is, non-titled people with some land holdings, although of varying financial statuses. The gradations between the rich gentry (like Darcy and Bingley) and those who arenÃ¢â¬â¢t so well off, like the Bennets, become a way to distinguish sub-strata within the gentry. Austens depictions of hereditary nobility are often a little satirical. Here, for instance, we have Lady Catherine, who at first seems powerful and intimidating. When it really comes down to it (that is, when she tries to stop the match between Elizabeth and Darcy), she is utterly powerless to do anything except yell and sound ridiculous. Although Austen does indicate that love is the most important thing in a match, she also does match up her characters with socially Ã¢â¬Å"appropriateÃ¢â¬ matches: the successful matches are all within their same social class, even if not of equal finances. When Lady Catherine insults Elizabeth and claims that she would be an unsuitable wife for Darcy, Elizabeth calmly replies, Ã¢â¬Å"He is a gentleman; I am a gentlemanÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter. So far, we are equal.Ã¢â¬ Austen does not upend the social order in any radical way, but rather gently mocks people who obsess too much about social and financial status. Free Indirect Discourse One of the most important literary devices a reader will encounter in a Jane Austen novel is free indirect discourse. This technique is used to slide into a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and/or emotions without stepping away from third-person narration. Instead of adding a tag such as Ã¢â¬Å"he thoughtÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"she supposed,Ã¢â¬ the narrator relays a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and feelings as if they themselves were speaking, but without breaking from the third-person perspective. For instance, when Bingley and his party first arrive at Meryton and meet the people gathered there, Austen uses free indirect discourse to put readers directly in BingleyÃ¢â¬â¢s head: Ã¢â¬Å"Bingley had never met with pleasanter people or prettier girls in his life; every body had been most kind and attentive to him, there had been no formality, no stiffness, he had soon felt acquainted with all the room; and as to Miss Bennet, he could not conceive an angel more beautiful.Ã¢â¬ These are not statements of fact so much as they are a relay of BingleyÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts; one could easily replace Ã¢â¬Å"BingleyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"he/his/himÃ¢â¬ with Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"meÃ¢â¬ and have a perfectly sensible first-person narration from BingleyÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective. This technique is a hallmark of AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s writing and is useful in several ways. First and foremost, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a sophisticated way of integrating a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s inner thoughts into third-person narration. It also offers an alternative to constant direct quotations and tags like Ã¢â¬Å"he saidÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"she thought.Ã¢â¬ Free indirect discourse allows the narrator to convey both the content of a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and the tone, by using language that resembles the words the characters themselves would choose. As such, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a crucial literary device in AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s satirical approach to country society.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Corporate Social Responsibility - Essay Example Corporate Social Responsibility reporting usually brings company graph higher which encourages more stakeholders, shareholders and investors. Many researches reveal the fact that through communicating CSR reports whether internally or externally, the ultimate benefit goes to the corporation. CSR reporting is usually related with positive virtues of the corporations which confirms that corporation is working in accordance with societal obligations specified by the law. CSR reporting helps its stakeholders to create their critical opinion upon firmÃ¢â¬â¢s activities and these opinions keep firm under the regulatory control. Number of researches supports the argument that CSR communication and information mostly attract stakeholders to the firm but besides attraction too much communication and information can also be seen as company is hiding some of its unlawful actions and through CSR communication they are trying to maintain their public relations. CSR regulatory surveillance and c ritical opinion of shareholders have been developed strongly and are increasing continuously. Nowadays, the critical opinion of regulators or stakeholders does not only influence companyÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions but its impact can be seen throughout the society and throughout the production process of the company.... Now it depends upon managers how do they overcome this challenge but in the process a clever manager may overrule the critical opinion of shareholders and just provide CSR information just to maintain public relations fooling both regulatory surveillance authorities and shareholders around (Craig-Lees, 2001). Over decades many theories, models and strategies have been developed to ensure beneficial CSR reporting which explains actions of the company and environmental performance too. Over past decade few strategies have developed specifying models for public relations in the process of CSR communication. These model unfold companyÃ¢â¬â¢s information strategies to their stakeholders and feedback from shareholders. These strategies over period have attempted to ensure sophisticated two way communication though one way communication is necessary but that is not enough for continuous delivery of environmental performance (Freeman, 1984). Three CSR communication strategies are as stakeh older information strategy, stakeholder response strategy and stakeholder involvement strategy. First strategy of stakeholder information is a one way communication model which flows information from company to shareholders (Grunig & Hunt, 1984). According to this theory CSR communication is considered as a process of informing stakeholders which purposefully publicise information related to welfare deeds and environmental performance. The only purpose of this strategy is to publicise information objectively through publications, through press conference and through media to enlighten general public, regulators, politicians and shareholders. This strategy only consider